Stages of team development

About Model

In 1965, psychologist Bruce Tuckman said that team goes through 5 stage of development, which are forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. All stages are critical to pass for building high-performance team.


The team has just been introduced and everyone is overly polite and positive. As leader, you play a dominant role at this stage, because team members’ roles and responsibilities are not clear.


Storming is a next phase after forming. This stage most difficult as for me. Storming often starts with conflicts, because team members have different experience and working styles. People understand their roles and responsibilities, they can be uncomfortable with the new approach or workload.


When people start resolve their differences, starts norming phase. They may socialize together. One another can ask for help and provide constructive feedback. On this stage progress will be better as before. People start give strong commitment.


Performing stage reaches when team and process normalized. As a leader, you can delegate much of your work, and you can concentrate on developing team members.

Adjourning or mourning

Many teams will reach this stage eventually. Once a project ends, the team disbands. This phase is sometimes known as mourning because members have grown close and feel a loss now that the experience is over.


Stages of team development